10 Types of Fish You'll Catch on Alabama's Gulf Coast

10 Types of Fish You'll Catch on Alabama's Gulf Coast

Kalyn Wise on May 19th 2023

10 Types of Fish You'll Catch on Alabama's Gulf Coast

Alabama's Gulf Coast near Gulf Shores is a paradise for anglers, offering a diverse range of fishing opportunities in the warm waters of the Gulf of Mexico. From professional fishermen to casual enthusiasts, Alabama's Gulf Coast provides an abundance of fish species that make for thrilling catches. What types of fish are commonly found in these waters? Here are 10 you're likely to find (or rather, catch):

  1. Red Snapper: With its vibrant reddish hue and delectable flavor, Red Snapper tops the list of prized catches in the Gulf of Mexico. Known for its thrilling fights, this fish species showcases remarkable strength and agility. Red Snapper season draws fishing enthusiasts from far and wide, eager to test their skills and savor the mouthwatering rewards. Red Snapper season opens Friday, May 26, 2023. You'll be allowed to fish Friday through Monday of each week until the private quota is met. You can learn more about Red Snapper season at Alabama Outdoor.
  2. Speckled Trout: Revel in the thrill of targeting Speckled Trout, also referred to as Spotted Sea Trout. We catch these often in Little Lagoon and are one of my favorites to catch! These captivating fish, boasting silver bodies adorned with black spots, are a staple of inshore fishing. While available year-round, they are particularly abundant during cooler months, making for a savory addition to any seafood feast.
  3. Flounder: The Gulf Coast's nearshore areas, estuaries, and coastal bays harbor an abundance of Flounder, renowned for their unique appearance and delectable taste. Their distinct flattened bodies and both eyes situated on one side aid their camouflage. Anglers appreciate the opportunity to reel in these masterful bottom-dwellers, known for their delicate flavor and culinary versatility.
  4. King Mackerel: Thrill-seekers flock to the Gulf Coast in pursuit of the high-speed pelagic predator known as King Mackerel or Kingfish. These impressive fish boast explosive speed and formidable strikes, providing an adrenaline-pumping fishing experience. Anglers relish the challenge of reeling in these mighty creatures, whose firm and flavorful meat serves as a delicious reward.
  5. Redfish: Another one of my favorites to catch AND eat! Recognizable by their vibrant copper-colored bodies and distinctive black spot near the tail, Redfish, also called Red Drum, grace the inshore and nearshore waters of the Gulf Coast. Renowned for their powerful fights, these fish offer an exciting challenge for anglers. Moreover, Redfish are prized for both their sportfishing qualities and culinary value, making them a favorite among anglers.
  6. Spanish Mackerel: Spanish Mackerel are a prevalent species along the Gulf Coast's warm waters. These sleek, silver fish often travel in large schools, offering an action-packed fishing experience. Known for their voracious feeding habits and acrobatic leaps when hooked, Spanish Mackerel thrill anglers seeking an energetic fight. Their firm, white flesh adds an exquisite touch to grilled or pan-seared dishes.
  7. Sheepshead: Anglers along Alabama's Gulf Coast also encounter Sheepshead, a unique fish known for its distinct dentition resembling human teeth. These crafty creatures are often found near structures like piers and jetties. Renowned for their cautious feeding behavior, targeting Sheepshead requires finesse and patience. Their flaky white meat makes for a delightful seafood delicacy.
  8. Cobia: Cobia, also known as Ling or Lemonfish, present a formidable challenge and an exciting opportunity for anglers. These large, powerful fish are prized for their incredible strength and tenacity when hooked. Cobia are known to migrate along the Gulf Coast, attracting anglers eager to test their skills against these impressive game fish.
  9. Pompano: Pompano, with their silver bodies and distinctive golden accents, are highly sought-after fish in the Gulf Coast waters. These sleek swimmers frequent the surf and nearshore areas, offering anglers an enticing target. Pompano are prized for their delicate, flavorful flesh, making them a prized catch for both recreational fishermen and culinary enthusiasts.
  10. Black Drum: Rounding out our list is the Black Drum, a fish species known for its drumming sound during courtship and territorial displays. With their dark gray or black bodies and characteristic chin barbels, these fish can reach impressive sizes.
  11. BONUS - Mullet:Caught with a cast net, mullet are a common fish to find here on the Gulf Coast. These fish are bottom feeders and are not eaten in all parts of the country, but thanks to Alabama's sandy bottoms, our mullet are clean and a dinner staple for locals! Add cheese grits to the mix and you have yourself a delicious dinner.

Alabama's Gulf Coast serves as a captivating fishing paradise, showcasing a wide array of fish species to enthral anglers of all levels. From the exhilarating battles with Red Snapper and King Mackerel to the delicate flavors of Speckled Trout and Flounder, the diverse fishing opportunities ensure an unforgettable experience. Embark on your fishing adventure, soak in the beauty of this coastal haven, and relish the joy of reeling in these remarkable fish that grace the waters of Alabama's Gulf Coast.

And if you don't already have yours, don't forget to grab your fishing license before heading out on the water! You can get it online here at Alabama Outdoors.